Wirth, Louis (1937) Localism, Regionalism and Centralization. American Journal of Sociology, Vol 42, No 4. pp 493-509
The genesis and present arrangement of political and administrative units are nonrational. Hence they often are obstacles rather than aids in social life.
There is an apparent interest in reconstructing them to conform more nearly to contemporary apparent interest in reconstructing them to conform more nearly to contemporary needs.
The size of the unit of effective political organization depends in large measure upon the corresponding range of economic and social life which has been profoundly modified by modern technology.
The advantages and disadvantages of centralized or decentralized organization, respectively, are ultimately to be viewed in the light of the dominant values of society.
Through a consideration of the functional and regional factors in communual life the shortcoming of local autarchy and overcentralization may be circumvented in a segmentalized, technological society.
Various practical political programs have been suggested for more effective integration of societies. Social planning appears as a useful instrument in implementing the social aims, especially in democracies.