Why are we working harder than ever yet getting poorer while the elite or rather, politicians and those highly connected to politics are getting richer?
Smallism shows you how your community can be rich using local resources.
Competition is a crucial element of a free market economy. It ensures that businesses are forced to continuously innovate and improve their products and services, providing consumers with better quality goods and services at lower prices. One of the significant benefits of competition is that it prevents any one organization from monopolizing the market. In this essay, we will explore how competition reduces the ability for any one organization to monopolize the market and also how competition prevents the wealthy from becoming mega-rich.
The agility of new start-ups is one of the most effective ways that competition prevents monopolies from forming. Established organizations can become stale over time, and their focus on maintaining profits can make them slow to adapt to changes in the market. This creates opportunities for new and innovative start-ups to enter the market and challenge the established organizations. For example, in the early 2000s, Blockbuster Video was the dominant player in the video rental industry. However, the emergence of streaming services like Netflix and Hulu offered a new, more convenient way for consumers to watch movies and TV shows, and Blockbuster was unable to compete, leading to its eventual bankruptcy.
Competition not only prevents monopolies from forming but also prevents the wealthy from becoming mega-rich. In a truly competitive market, success is earned through hard work and innovation, and no single player can dominate. However, in reality, the wealthy sometimes become mega-rich not through innovation and hard work, but rather through the exploitation of government regulations that help them subvert the free market. For example, large corporations may lobby the government to enact regulations that favor their business interests. This creates barriers to entry for smaller businesses and reduces competition in the market. As a result, a few wealthy individuals and corporations can become dominant players in the market.
One specific example of this is Amazon and its founder, Jeff Bezos. Amazon has become one of the most dominant players in the retail industry, with a market capitalization of over $1 trillion. While Amazon has undoubtedly innovated and provided consumers with more convenient and affordable products, the company has also benefited from government policies that have given it an unfair advantage. For example, Amazon has been able to avoid collecting sales tax in many states, giving it a competitive advantage over brick-and-mortar retailers. Additionally, Amazon has been criticized for exploiting its workers, creating a race to the bottom in terms of wages and working conditions. Despite these criticisms, Jeff Bezos has become one of the wealthiest people in the world, with a net worth of over $100 billion.
In conclusion, competition is critical in preventing monopolies from forming and creating a level playing field for all businesses. It also prevents the wealthy from becoming mega-rich through the exploitation of government regulations that subvert the free market. By promoting competition and limiting the influence of wealthy individuals and corporations on the government, we can create a fairer and more equitable market economy that benefits all consumers and businesses.
Localized and Centrally Planned Economies: An Overview
An economy is a system by which goods and services are produced, distributed and consumed. There are two major economic systems: a localized economy and a centrally planned economy. A localized economy is one in which the economic decisions are made by individuals and businesses operating in a specific geographic area. A centrally planned economy is one in which the economic decisions are made by a central authority, usually the government. In this article, we will compare the advantages and disadvantages of both types of economies using examples at both town and country levels.
Localized Economy: Advantages and Disadvantages
Consumer Sovereignty: In a localized economy, consumers have the power to make decisions about what they want to purchase and what they do not. This ensures that the goods and services that are produced are in line with the needs and wants of the consumers.
Competition: Competition among businesses in a localized economy drives innovation and improves the quality of goods and services.
Flexibility: A localized economy is more flexible and can respond quickly to changes in consumer preferences and market conditions.
Inequality: In a localized economy, some businesses and individuals may have a larger share of resources, which can lead to inequality.
Market Failure: The market may fail to allocate resources efficiently, leading to shortages or surpluses of certain goods and services.
Example at Town Level: Let’s take the example of a small town where the local economy is based on agriculture and tourism. The farmers in the town produce crops and the tourists buy the crops. In this localized economy, the farmers are motivated to produce crops that are in high demand by the tourists. The tourists, in turn, are motivated to spend their money on goods and services that meet their needs.
Centrally Planned Economy: Advantages and Disadvantages
Equality: A centrally planned economy can distribute resources more equally among the population, reducing inequality.
Stability: A centrally planned economy can ensure stable prices and production levels, which is important for businesses and consumers.
Inefficiency: A centrally planned economy can be slow to respond to changes in consumer preferences and market conditions. This can lead to inefficiencies and waste.
Lack of Consumer Sovereignty: In a centrally planned economy, consumers do not have the power to make decisions about what they want to purchase. This can lead to the production of goods and services that are not in line with consumer needs and wants.
Bureaucracy: A centrally planned economy requires a large bureaucracy to manage the allocation of resources and make decisions. This can lead to inefficiencies and corruption.
Example at Country Level: Let’s take the example of a country that has a centrally planned economy. The government determines what goods and services are produced and how they are distributed. The prices of goods and services are set by the government and do not change in response to changes in supply and demand. In this type of economy, businesses may not have the motivation to innovate and improve the quality of their goods and services.
In conclusion, both localized and centrally planned economies have their advantages and disadvantages. A localized economy provides consumers with the power to make decisions and drives innovation, while a centrally planned economy can ensure equality and stability. The choice between these two economic systems depends on the specific needs and goals of a society. Ultimately, the most effective economic system will depend on the ability of the government to balance the advantages and disadvantages of each type of economy.